Does my child have ADHD?
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, is a condition that makes it unusually difficult for children to focus on tasks, pay attention, and keep control of impulsive behavior. While some children are mostly inattentive in behavior and are mainly hyperactive and impulsive, the majority of people with ADHD have a combination of both, which can be very difficult for them to function in school, and so you create a lot of conflict at home. Symptoms of hyperactive or impulsive ADHD are:
- Nervousness or restlessness, and difficulty staying in one place or waiting one’s turn,
- Excessive running and climbing,
- Trouble playing quietly,
- extreme impatience,
- It always seems to be “on the move” or “driven by an engine”
- Excessive talking or interrupting,
- Makes careless mistakes
- Easily detached
- Has difficulty following directions,
- He doesn’t seem to be listening,
- He has organizational problems
- Avoids or dislikes continuous efforts
- He is forgetful, he almost always loses things
Does my child have learning difficulties?
Does my child have Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a difficulty of a neurobiological and neurodevelopmental nature with a hereditary predisposition. It affects the cognitive processes of the brain related to mastering the skills of reading, writing, spelling.
The lack of phonological awareness as well as the difficulty of phonological processing are considered by many scientists as the primary factor of Dyslexia. According to the diagnostic criteria of international organizations, the school skills in which a child may have difficulties are categorized as follows:
- difficulties in spelling ( Dyspelling )
- reading difficulties ( Dyslexia )
- difficulties in Word Processing
- Learning Difficulties in Mathematics
Does my child have Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)?
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of disorders that affect many areas of development, which is why in the past the title Pervasive Developmental Disorders was used. These are lifelong neurodevelopmental disorders because they appear from birth and continue to exist throughout the development of the individual’s life. These disorders affect the way the person understands, perceives and relates to the world and people around them and are characterized by disruptions and deficits in key areas of development. Although the cause of ASD cannot be determined in most cases, organic abnormalities have been found in the cerebellum, temporal lobe, hippocampus, limbic (limbic system) and amygdala.
Development is affected in the following areas:
In verbal and non-verbal communication
In social interaction and interpersonal transactions and relationships
In creativity and imagination
The signs taken into account are:
- He is unresponsive – he does not come back when you call his name
- Lack of spontaneous pursuit of sharing in joy, interests, or accomplishments with other people (social skill)
- Lack of social and emotional reciprocity (social skill)
- Significant impairment in using multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye contact, facial expression, body posture, and gestures to regulate social interaction (encoding and decoding social signals)
- Delayed or total absence of spoken language development that is not accompanied by an effort to communicate through non-verbal means such as gestures or imitation or pointing (communication skill)
- lack of “jointattention”. The infant does not express joy when sharing a toy or activity with another person by alternating eye contact between the object and the other person.